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Black History Month 2014: The Civil Rights Movement  

Established on September 9, 1915, the theme for this year is Civil Rights to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, [NOTE: Some of the links in this guide will require you to put in your McKendree username/password].
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Black History Month 2014

Established on September 9, 1915, The Association for the Study of African Life and History founded Black History Month. The theme for this year is Civil Rights to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.

     

    The Civil Rights Movement: An Overview

    The civil rights movement was a struggle to fulfill the promise, made in the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, of full citizenship and equal opportunity for African Americans. It originated with those amendments (in fact, one could say, with the earliest African Americans) and more particularly with the decline in commitment to those amendments that the rise of segregation and disfranchisement embodied by the early twentieth century. Thus, though it came to a climax in the first half of the 1960s, it began long before the 1950s. The civil rights movement was a response to the Jim Crow era—the era of state-sponsored segregation, disfranchisement, and discrimination—which it sought to eradicate.   Read More.

    Wallenstein, P.(2010). Civil rights and the civil rights movement: An overview. In Encyclopedia of American studies. Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/jhueas/civil_rights_and_the_civil_rights_movement_an_overview/0

       

      1964 Civil Rights Act

      Black History Month's Theme of Civil Rights is to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.

      Introduction to and Text of the Civil Rights Act.

      US legislation that outlawed discrimination on the grounds of a person's colour, race, national origin, religion, or sex. Rights protected under the act include a person's freedom to seek employment. The act is considered the USA's strongest civil-rights legislation since Reconstruction.

      The act specifically guarantees voting rights by removing requirements and procedures designed to disenfranchise minority groups and the poor, prohibits discrimination in public facilities, requires desegregation of public schools, expands the role of the Civil Rights Commission, and forbids discrimination by any programme that receives federal funds. The act established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which takes complaints against discrimination in the workplace to court.

      Originally proposed by John F Kennedy in 1963, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, carried out under Lyndon B Johnson, caused great controversy and instigated one of the longest Senate debates in history. It was the precursor to other attempts (such as affirmative action) to redress discrimination against minorities.

      Documents

      Johnson, Lyndon: Address on the Signing of Civil Rights Legislation

      Johnson, Lyndon: The Right to Vote

      Civil rights act 1964. (2013). In The Hutchinson unabridged encyclopedia with atlas and weather guide. Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/heliconhe/civil_rights_act_1964/0

         

        President Lyndon B. Johnson Speech upon signing the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964

        President Lyndon B. Johnson Signs Civil Rights Act, Gives Pen to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

        Uploaded on Jul 2, 2011, Newseum.  [Public Domain].

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